Life Buff XYZ

Garbage and pizza

I love pia pastry - sweet cakes, outside are thin, tangy crust, inside there are salted eggs and smells of durian and green beans. I fell in love with it many years ago, when I came to Vietnam.

But since you noticed each cake is covered with a layer of nylon, then arranged in a thin plastic tray. All wrapped in a bigger, thicker plastic package and sophisticated print. And then the bag of bread was brought home in another plastic bag. I questioned my conscience. Am I a little cruel when I eat pizza?

I still crave, but I haven't dared to buy much in the last two years. Because every Australian is reminded from an early age that an ordinary nylon bag takes about 25 years to completely decompose, a plastic bottle takes 450 years. The plastic we are using in excess will affect the environment and the health of the generation will call us ... ancestors.

Vietnamese people have a habit of producing and using nylon bags excess. Consumers are willing to accept newly purchased items, especially edible (packaged) items with layers of unnecessary plastic.

New studies estimate that by 2050, the number of marine fish living in the world's oceans will lose to the amount of plastic waste offshore. The bad news is that Vietnam is among the five countries that contribute the most to plastic waste to the sea.

I went to Vietnam beach many times with Vietnamese friends. They, after infatuated with the beach in front of them, took pictures of all sorts, asked a question to me: "Isn't it beautiful, Mr. Cam?"

To be honest, in these situations "Mr. Cam" only yearns to answer "Not very beautiful." You probably guess why. The reason is that compared to the beaches in Australia, Vietnam beach. , no matter how spectacular they are, there's usually a big minus of garbage.

This happened in Phan Thiet. I don't know if people clean trash regularly or not. But maybe because people also litter regularly, I still see garbage just floating on the water, just scattered all over the sand. Not very much, but they are enough to spoil the landscape and emotions of nature lovers.

Rubbish is everywhere in public places, not just near the ocean. They make many foreigners wonder: why a nation with such pride, culture and historical achievements as proud of Vietnam, is not proud of its natural heritage. So many people are indifferent to the natural beauty and urban landscape that they can cross their arms and watch their country so much garbage?

At first glance, the problem may seem simple, but it is not. I personally think for several days and turn out to be a few reasons why Vietnamese people have a habit of throwing rubbish indiscriminately.

Firstly, Vietnamese people work hard and work in many fields, but when it comes to trash, many people are a bit lazy. For example, I see no shortage of trash cans that are already set on the beach but many people even sitting nearby still do not put garbage in the bin.

Quite a number of people are indifferent to the indiscriminate waste around the living area. I dare not say they lack aesthetic eyes. I guess the truck driver who knew the beauty of the girl nearly got hit by the body of a cane juice, but he probably didn't know that there was a wider landscape that he had just destroyed.

Second, there is the so-called mass mentality. This person throws rubbish indiscriminately off the beach, by the river, or in other public places, others follow in a fairly natural way. Children follow their parents, youngest children follow siblings, friends imitate each other. The "subordinate" does not knowingly do wrong or bad, but may simply dismiss the sense of the environment to follow the example of the "superiors".

However, the problem of spam does not only stem from individuals. It also seems to be related to community behavior.

I find that the act of encouraging people to protect the environment is not drastic enough. Sanctions against the dumping of waste in places not yet implemented seriously have made people not afraid.

Last but not least, some people do not seem to be fully educated about the impact of environmental pollution. As the manufacturers themselves with plastic packaging, which will later become plastic waste, and more broadly is the consumption habit of Vietnamese people. The World Bank survey also shows that Vietnam ranks 16th in the world in the rate of plastic waste, with 60% of the amount of waste is the hard-to-decompose compound. It is one of the few global rankings in which Vietnam ranks first.

So what to do? Everyone can do their best to say no to the salesperson when they are shoving their bags into plastic bags and preparing to put another one out. You can bring your own backpack or canvas bag to the supermarket and say two simple words: "Quit" to be polite enough. In terms of community, parents and seniors can set an example and encourage their children to dispose of rubbish in the right place. And anyone can spend a minute, go online typing the phrase "ocean waste".

As for me, I sit here and wish that I can eat pizza cake freely.

Cameron Shingleton
(Originally in Vietnamese)
Chi tiết

Drink water rags

When I was teaching in Japan, I learned two ways to motivate learners. One is to help them create intrinsic motivation; The second is to create extrinsic motivation.

Motivating from the inside is to help students find what they love and want to learn it. Because when I investigate and discover what I like, the amount of dopamine in the body increases. It helps me to feel excited about the subject, and also helps me to remember quickly and enjoy learning more. Dopamine makes me passionate.

Neurochemistry says that passion is dopamine, which stimulates the brain and body. For example, I study yoga because I like the feeling of practicing it, and then I have very good mental and physical health. Painters like to learn to draw because they feel that each cell merges into the line. You join a sport, solve a puzzle, play a game because you feel interesting. I guess that is the root of the successful educational formula. Education is really just a way to ignite the flame that is available but hidden in every human being.

In class I teach Japanese students, without chairs and tables. All sitting in the yard. Teachers must learn and prepare well, trying to make every lesson fun and interesting, making children unable to notice anything else.

The second way, creating motivation from the outside is to set rules for students to follow, such as fear of punishment, naming; or even the motivation from what you will have after you do that. For example: money. A lot of people work because they don't like it for money. The basic difference is to like to do and to do.

Studying in Vietnam is almost all "must", not "like". I guess this happens to both students and teachers. I taught at a secondary school in Ho Chi Minh City. It is difficult, students do not want to learn, it is difficult to concentrate. I have to study and "act" a lot to get their attention.

The problem is long term, when a lesson has to follow the rules, it's not interesting. As in the education method here, students are more likely to lose motivation, distraction, and discipline. Teachers must try their best to keep their students focused and will eventually burn out. If they still have to work for the money, then they will stop loving the work, feel miserable, even hate what they do.

Yesterday I read the story of teacher Nguyen Thi Minh Huong and many other teachers. They not only gave orders to the students, they also forced the students to drink rags.

Young people are a mess. Anyone who has ever been younger remembers that they haven't learned how to focus well and very rarely does anyone know how to manage themselves better (actually a lot of adults don't know it).

When going to school, many people are thinking that they just need to sit well, listen to the teacher, load a lot of information into the head, and even memorize all the lessons assigned by their teachers is no problem. The reality is different, really today, it is very difficult for students to concentrate and learn well because their heads think many things: problems about puberty, love, family, finance, friends, future in When thousands of things on the Internet, advertising always invites. A lot of things are trying to grab their focus. I mean, studying is now harder than it used to be.

Yesterday I also saw a lot of people blaming and accusing Ms. Huong. It is true that she did an awful act. But aside from that mistake, I think this is a good opportunity for us to understand more about the environment that made her so.

In Vietnam, it is clear that this system has problems from deep roots. To see why Teacher Huong made a mistake, we have to see their environment first. Studies on prisoners and guards show that prison guards also feel they are prisoners at the prison, because of their environmental impact.

Schools in Vietnam are still designed in a very old way, very good for working at the factory, but destroying creativity. Especially the way of teaching memorizing, then forget it all after that.

This mistake, the education system must be responsible. In order to teach students well, the designer of the system, the teachers must be good first, so that they follow him. When I live a short life, of course, what I do will cause consequences.

In an environment where everything goes wrong, it is very difficult to live if you are not like them. I used to work for a school in Vietnam, so hard. That is why I love Vietnamese teachers. They must try to teach a class of students who lack discipline, pay low wages. And sometimes they can't stand it, it's very easy to go crazy.

In my eyes, Vietnamese education lacks many things: other curriculum, smaller classes, fewer students, more effective teachers ... Vietnamese education does not just need money. It is emptied in the position of designers, school administrators and teachers, who are not damaged.

Jesse Peterson (Originally in Vietnamese)
Chi tiết

If the police offender

One of Hanoi's most unlike markets is the flea market. It is not only different by the name, but also by the market selling countless "in the sky and under the sea".

It converges all kinds of goods, old, new, from all sources, including the typical supply from the thief. It is a place where many people like me used to come in search of the purchase of their own mirror - being "erranded" when parked on the street.

We found a mirror. The owner of the stall smiled wryly, falling nearly with a new mirror. Receiving the money, he pocketed it, looking like he wanted the other thing to happen again.

We knew well that our thirteen properties had been stolen, and sold at a place with an address, a clear person, and money to buy. I wondered where the police are, the local government, why is nobody protecting the rights of citizens in a market condoned for thieves, in the heart of Hanoi?

That concern is even stronger, when thinking of Hanoi President Nguyen Duc Chung himself also resolutely directed to eliminate such "flea markets" - with a clear perception that their existence abetted. for stall. That is, the authorities don't know what is going on.

This feeling made me think more and more about an issue that everyone seemed to know: What was the state or the government born for?

The question seems excuse, when the government, or the state, for many people seems to take the position naturally. But the state is not naturally born.

Thomas Hobbes, a British political thinker, identified the most essential, most basic function of the State as "providing the utmost security and safety for every individual in a world full of uncertainty and danger. ”. Because how many material possessions an individual makes and what is robbed ends up doing? Does anyone still want to sweat, boil tears to work? The foundation of a state, the legitimacy of a governmental system to exist, must first be to ensure personal safety and security for the community.

Army to prevent outside intrusions; and the police, to eliminate crime and protect people from within are the basic institutions that help the state achieve that goal. The law, and the law enforcement mechanism, were born first.

Therefore, when officials in the highest ranks of the police force are arrested for alleged crimes, the problem is no longer in individuals. It's just an allegation, just a hypothesis, but people's belief in the system of power and justice is left open by the question: If the symbol of power of the government against crime is 'patronage'. criminals, so people know based on whom?

In this story, a classic principle of politics is shown again: Power tends to corrupt. The more absolute the power, the more the alienation. Without control, power from the pursuit of purpose and good ideals is in danger of going in the opposite direction.

Not only handling individual officials in violation; The police department is also planning in detail to rearrange its structure. But to address the problem more thoroughly, a broader approach to the "police sector" is needed by a comprehensive recognition and re-evaluation of the judicial system, especially the criminal justice system. A procedural system is composed of the main parts: Investigation Agency (police force that functions to investigate crime); prosecuting and convicting bodies (The Procuracy acts on behalf of the government to present evidence of accusations; judicial authorities (courts) and lawyers.

From the perspective of control and balance of power, when the power is concentrated on a part too much, the risk of abuse from that department will naturally be high. Therefore, the issue is not only internal reform, but also other parties involved in the proceedings such as the Procuracy, Court, and lawyers need to be reformed to strengthen accordingly.

It is also a critical time for parliament to ask the relevant law enforcement agencies to conduct detailed explanations so that they can fully assess the issue, before coming to a formal policy reform. At a higher level, an independent parliamentary investigation is also absolutely necessary to collect evidence and suggestions, not only in the police or judicial sectors; but all other social sectors for this important work.

Talented judge Tom C. Clark once made a widely known statement: "Nothing can ruin a government faster than its failure to enforce its own laws."

For me, an incident was discovered as an opportunity to regain the trust of people in law enforcement.

I hope that from then on, the flea markets selling stolen goods in the blue bar can be excluded, not to mention a myriad of other "ignorant" markets. From there, the new citizens can be assured that the State is dedicated to doing its best to protect their property and safety and security.

Nguyen Quang Dong
Chi tiết

Dumb fields

On a field on the outskirts of Hanoi, there was a pump station that had long been inactive.

The pumping station was the result of an investment in a "safe vegetable growing area project" - an ambition of the government on a new face for district agriculture. That project, after nearly 10 years, has not been fully disbursed, so no one has finished the pump station worth many billion.

Rusty water pipes, peeling lime walls, pump stations lie dormant in the field. And the surrounding farmers are getting water to water vegetables from the well. They dug the well in the middle of the field, sucked up the water with a self-equipped pump, then grabbed buckets and poured water into the vegetables themselves. Hanoi citizens in the 21st century water their vegetables with buckets - as their forefathers did for centuries.

Around the field, we met four people, four interest groups. They listed four different versions of the pump station's fate.

The farmer was watering vegetables at noon in the sun, saying that the pumping station was ineffective. It was a bad design: water didn't come to her fields. Besides, that "safe vegetable growing" project is also a discarded thing. She tried to participate in the one-crop project, but the vegetables were rotten and no one consumed them. She planted and brought to the market to sell. She had forgotten about the state-invested irrigation system.

The chairman of the cooperative, who was in charge of the pumping station, was bitter that the farmer would not cooperate with him. Every day he runs a pump station of all 5 million electricity, but farmers do not want to pay irrigation fees. Regarding the clean vegetable project, he said that farmers also failed to comply with their commitments. The plan was good, but the farmers didn't follow it, so now he owed it.

The vice-chairman of the commune declared that the agricultural situation was still good. His commune, a model of agricultural model of the whole city, the whole country. The pumping station does not always work, because it is based on the "actual production situation". Since the project for safe vegetable production has not been implemented so far, do not rush to evaluate the effectiveness.

We went into the pump station hoping to find the person who was directly looking after it. Pump station watchers, will probably understand what happened.

There, there is a man living. He led us to the fields, with his hands and feet, spit on the old carrots, the beds of lettuce that grew as tall as the harvester's limbs, and the beds of tomatoes wilted with insects. The field looks sad. He tried to make very loud sounds from the throat. But we do not understand. The man is mute.

We were forced to accept that the person closest to the pumping station was unable to convey his story.

The four people on the field point to a pumping station and tell four different stories, with four attitudes, giving four messages. The farmer was busy watering vegetables with little emotion. The chairman of the cooperative was sore in the face of ruin. The commune leader smiled permanently. The farmer said that it was the government's fault. The cooperative said it was the fault of the farmers who lacked awareness. The government, surprised (still smiling): it's okay, why is it at fault? And he was dumb, it was hard to predict whether he was happy or sad, just trying to "say" out loud something we couldn't catch.

We discussed and decided that there was nothing we could do but tell all four versions to our readers, so that each one could reflect on the fate of the pumping station in the field.

Yesterday, the Prime Minister spoke to farmers in a rare event. There, there were 300 representatives of farmers from many regions.

That conversation reminded me of the pump station on the outskirts of Hanoi. "Dialogue" on agriculture and rural areas is a more difficult problem than in many fields. There, there are typical demographic conditions, taking place in areas far from the administrative center; Relevant people rarely use smartphones, rarely use social networking and are not trained to speak out. Try replacing the pumping station on the other field with an inactive lift, or an inferior construction item in the apartment building, to make it easy to imagine. No one livestream the situation of the pump station, complaining to the investor even though many years have passed. The story of the apartment building was certainly noisy.

Certainly the Prime Minister, with his advisory network, with a very active Agriculture Minister had heard many stories in the fields across the country. And yesterday's dialogue, just symbolic, where the head of government fired direct messages to farmers.

But anyway, the dialogue about agriculture is very specific. In this typical context, after the village of bamboo, among farmers who do not have the habit of recording life records with Facebook, I suddenly realized that the other pump station, after several years lying still in the field, was able to keep up. tinged with a detective story. Although behind the pump station, not a few billion, but a major policy problem, maybe a national plan, it was tripping ... silent.

From behind the village, the stories that pop out to your mobile screen today are much rarer than the urban ones. 70% of the population lives in the countryside, a gray space of the media. Dialogue on agriculture is therefore a heavy task. It cannot be brief in an auditorium of hundreds of delegates. People expected the Central Party to come down, listen and understand more times. Heavy duty and long lasting. Because there have been wrong places not only "listening" or "answering" but also investigating efforts.

The detective story in the field, it might be hard to attract readers' comments like a normal case story. And if not careful, then even though all sides "dialogue" already, every Vietnamese field can still become a mute field.

Lord Emperor
Chi tiết

The uncertain Mekong River

In a lecture for secondary students in Can Tho, I started with the question: "Does anyone know what the Mekong is like here?". There are only four arms raised in a classroom of 50 people.

One of them explained to the class that the Mekong is a river flowing into Vietnam, forming the Mekong River. Not only the children in the West, dozens of farmers I interviewed in Bac Lieu, Ca Mau or An Giang did not know much about the river flowing in front of their door. They do not know the vast plains of their families to earn their living from the end of the seventh longest river in Asia, flowing through six countries. The more they don't know what is going to happen to the Tien, Hau and Can Tho rivers ...

The news about Mekong seems to be out of reach for fishermen who dive all year round on alluvial fresh water. Meanwhile, according to a report by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Mekong Delta now has 265 points of river and coastal erosion. 265 points with a total length of 450km.

The Mekong Summit has just taken place in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Here environmental researchers warn that hydropower will damage the river basin, with serious environmental and socio-economic impacts.

This warning is not new. The report on the amount of sediment made by the Mekong River Commission this year wrote: “The amount of alluvium is estimated to decrease by 67% to 97% in development scenarios from 2020 to 2040. Sediment loss can have consequences. seriously affecting the abundance of the river, affecting the geomorphology and soil stability in the Mekong Delta ”.

With hydroelectricity on both the secondary and main currents being built, the alluvial scenario studied is expected to be only one-third of 10 years ago. And by 2040, the amount of sediment that the delta will lose will be 97%.

The morphology of the delta is threatened. The riches that constitute the lives of the students I ask are hardly intact. Consecutive landslides House drifting. River water is no longer rich in silt. Rice fields are no longer eager to pour water and lose nutrients. They occur slowly, erode and seriously destroy people's livelihood in An Giang, Bac Lieu and Dong Thap. People have spoken out about the disappearance of the floating market. It is extremely difficult to imagine those who have ever traveled across the plains.

The 2016 drought left a deep wound for lowland farmers. The whole Ben Tre province is seriously affected by saline intrusion. People thirst for clean water. Over two hundred thousand hectares of rice, hundreds of thousands of hectares of fruit orchards were damaged.

Hydropower, an important element that has caused major changes in the Mekong River and the Mekong Delta for many years, has been an important contributor to the region's development. Many important hydropower on the mainstream of the Mekong River have been built, about to go into operation.

At the summit of the Mekong River Commission last week in Siem Reap, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc also affirmed that the current top concern of the Vietnamese Government is to respond to negative impacts on the Mekong Delta region due to climate change, extreme climate events and human activities.

The fate of the Mekong Delta depends on a long series of major impacts from the upstream Mekong to many neighboring countries, and to the narrow canal of fishermen's porch in the hamlet. Pangasius rafts, green fields or rich fruit gardens have all become the main actors in the uncertain future picture.

In 2016, Thai fishermen I met understood that they lost their crops because the upstream water fell erratically too quickly due to adjustments from the Canh Hong (China) dam. But the farmers in Dong Thap I have never had the chance to understand what is and will happen to their lives, when living with newly born hydroelectric dams.

They did not know that such a gentle stream did not naturally pull landslides and engulf houses. They said, listening to the radio said China was releasing water to save Vietnam.

The kids who will own the plains are missing information from the government and the community. Information can help them anticipate and cope with a future of thirst and hunger in the rich and enthusiastic Mekong River.

Where does the government response come from? Is the participation of the plague-plagued farmers plagued by muddy and scalar livelihoods for years to come?

Chi tiết

Control of power

I have a 5-year-old daughter. Like every kid, sometimes she's very annoying. Whenever the little cat was too busy to make arrangements, I had to offer a ransom card: "If you're good, we'll buy gifts at the weekend".

Effective "sugar". My child immediately tried to "be good", so that he could get his favorite gift at the weekend.

If you've ever been a parent, be honest, do you "bribe" your children to follow what you want? If your child gets good test results, parents will reward one or the other. Many acquaintances I admit have used this saying.

This is not a good example of education. I know it, that using the parents' advantage: having money to buy gifts, having the right to take children out of the house, to the store, the right to give to the children of their choice, or even the right to withdraw that promise ... It can all spoil children, causing them to use their weapons more often; "corrupt" the parents themselves who have the guardianship with the child.

However, by nature, this way of education is not far from the phenomenon we still call "abuse of power" and "bribe of priority". It is not just happening in every house.

Numerous studies have shown that "corruption" is a characteristic of humans and appeared early in human history. Many scholars agree that corruption was the reason for the destruction of the Roman empire. Professor Ramsay Mcmullen, author of "Corruption and the fall of the Roman Empire" also said that moral education is only secondary to reducing corruption, limiting the abuse of power to profit. personal.

Statements about the will against degeneration and degradation in the Party are constantly being issued by the leaders. The fact that high-ranking officials are disciplined, many in the power enforcement and control apparatus arrested for allegedly abusing their positions and powers can be an example to prove this will.

Mahatma Gandhi once said: "This earth is enough to satisfy everyone's needs, but not enough to satisfy their greed." Power does not lead to greed. On the contrary, it is the greed of money and material that leads people to squeeze to reach power. The greater the power, the greater the temptation, and then the greed leads to the act of abusing power for personal gain.

Therefore, I think that the Party Central Committee's Secretariat requires each individual cadre and Party member to "publicize their commitment to training, preserving moral qualities, lifestyles and not regressing" to go. coupled with continuing to build a transparent legal environment. The lack of transparency and lack of control is the ideal environment for corruption to reproduce.

We have the 2005 Anti-Corruption Law and the provisions of the current Criminal Code. However, this mechanism is still inadequate. For example, the Anti-Corruption Law does not apply to the non-state sector.

Moreover, the issue of law enforcement is completely a different story. The denunciation of corruption, even though the law stipulates that the whistleblower is "protected from the law", in fact it is still a general principle and there is no specific mechanism to protect whistleblowers. Therefore, many people accuse of becoming victims of retaliation, fraud, harassment. The 2013 Global Corruption Barometer survey shows that in Vietnam “only 38% of respondents are willing to denounce corruption, 51% of people are afraid that denouncing corruption will not change anything and 28 % are afraid to suffer the consequences ”.

In the fight against abuse of power and corruption, the control role of the people is essential. It can be effective when comes with two elements: transparency in management and freedom of association guaranteed. If the Law on Access to Information has been enacted, we are still waiting for the Law on Association to be born.

So long as we do not have a reasonable mechanism to control the power of the leader and effectively exercise this right, we still have to accept that corruption will be a part of our lives, just like the Parents still have to "bribe" their children to escape quickly from stressful hours.

In either case, whether it is a part of life or a solution to change, it is we who choose.

Le Thi Thien Huong
Chi tiết

Hanoians swing the rope

One of the escape solutions offered by the Hanoi government with the 26th floor of CT1 Xa La apartment building (Phuc La, Ha Dong), if a fire occurs, is to swing the rope ladder to the floor below or to the ground.

The above apartment building is one of 17 existing constructions which violated the difficult fire fighting situation in Hanoi. And the swing down from the 26th floor is an "alternative" that the government proposed to the people.

When the press wondered why the fire protection standards of these structures were lowered, the director of the Hanoi Police Department, Hoang Quoc Dinh, said that this was not "lowering standards" but "having higher standards. technical qualification acceptable. ”

I have been on the scene reporting on many fires, but I have not seen professional firefighters swing the rope ladder from the 26th floor to the ground. So I did not imagine the image of the people, including the elderly, children, how to escape with a rope ladder at the height of 70 - 80m.

That solution, from an "acceptable" technical point of view, was not a technical expert to judge. But from an information perspective, Hanoi's behavior with buildings that do not meet fire safety standards makes observers worried.

Information from the authorities is dancing. On the same day, April 4, the leader of the FPF gave 3 different figures about the apartment buildings that violated FPF. At a meeting of the City Party Committee in the morning, Deputy Director of FPF said, there were 31 apartment violations. Announcing at a press conference the same day, the director of this department said only 28 apartments were in violation. But when questioned by the press right after the meeting, he himself gave the number "there are 29 remaining apartments in violation". A week earlier, another deputy director informed the People's Council that 38 apartments were still in violation.

The story of fire prevention and fighting in apartments is the focus of public opinion, in the context of the Carina apartment fire in Ho Chi Minh City caused serious consequences. However, the common denominator behind the statements is the inability for the fire prevention and control condominiums to let people in.

In Nam Tu Liem, representative of the Fire Prevention and Fighting Police Department No. 3 said that only commercial and office floors could be coerced, floors where residents wanted to be compelled to study law carefully. In Thanh Xuan, the district chairman declared that the fault first of all belonged to the investor and the people themselves and the district "could not send a 24-hour watchman" to prevent people from entering.

And the story doesn't stop at commercial apartments. From plots, mini apartments, resettlement houses, all have a very ominous history of fire prevention.

At the end of 2015, after the end of fire prevention and fighting supervision in resettlement apartment buildings, the Head of the Legal Department of the People's Council once issued a warning of fire prevention violations in these works. ”. He used the word "catastrophe" if a fire occurred in a resettlement apartment.

Nearly 3 years later, the leader of the Hanoi Housing Management and Development Enterprise, the unit managing the resettlement apartment, still stated that all resettlement apartments in the city area were still "problematic". about fire protection ”.

Vice Chairman Nguyen Van Suu, when working with the Fire Protection Department, once cited the press of the press about "coffins" when describing the risk of fire in ground houses built in a blocky style. exit. Hanoi still has about half a million such houses.

Fire department leaders advised people to "boycott" not to buy mini apartments because of many potential risks, including fire fighting. But Hanoi has never given an official number of mini apartments in the area. There is also no separate supervision on this type of apartment.

While the government is still discussing how to manage, hundreds of mini apartments have sprung up, tens of thousands of people still have to fight their lives, they can not "boycott", they need a suitable place for their pockets. money they have.

With all these problems discovered and lasting for many years, Hanoi needs many alternatives to many substandard ones.

If I needed an example of an effective "alternative" in firefighting, I would only have seen it once. That is the scene of the Quang market fire in Thanh Tri in March. That day, the fire department had to mobilize the car to wash the road to get water to fight fire. The reason for this innovative and mobile solution: Hanoi still lacks 3,500 water posts, the most basic infrastructure in fire protection.

And to implement "alternatives" in an emergency situation, not everyone is brave enough. In the opening match of V-League 2018 between Hanoi and Hai Phong on Hang Day yard, the impressive image for me that day was not the audience filling the pitch or the only goal of the match. It was a picture of a fireman kicking a flare with a foot - thrown into the yard from Hai Phong fans - onto the line.

The firefighter had been carefully trained, to have the bravery to react to the fire, but could not avoid a spontaneous reaction to the flare in front of him. He could not calmly handle it, but kicked it away. It was at that moment, in my mind, I asked the question, if the apartment burns, can an ordinary person calmly swing on the rope from 80m to escape as an alternative that authorities have suggested?

Vo Hai
Chi tiết