Garbage and pizza

I love pia pastry - sweet cakes, outside are thin, tangy crust, inside there are salted eggs and smells of durian and green beans. I fell in love with it many years ago, when I came to Vietnam.

But since you noticed each cake is covered with a layer of nylon, then arranged in a thin plastic tray. All wrapped in a bigger, thicker plastic package and sophisticated print. And then the bag of bread was brought home in another plastic bag. I questioned my conscience. Am I a little cruel when I eat pizza?

I still crave, but I haven't dared to buy much in the last two years. Because every Australian is reminded from an early age that an ordinary nylon bag takes about 25 years to completely decompose, a plastic bottle takes 450 years. The plastic we are using in excess will affect the environment and the health of the generation will call us ... ancestors.

Vietnamese people have a habit of producing and using nylon bags excess. Consumers are willing to accept newly purchased items, especially edible (packaged) items with layers of unnecessary plastic.

New studies estimate that by 2050, the number of marine fish living in the world's oceans will lose to the amount of plastic waste offshore. The bad news is that Vietnam is among the five countries that contribute the most to plastic waste to the sea.

I went to Vietnam beach many times with Vietnamese friends. They, after infatuated with the beach in front of them, took pictures of all sorts, asked a question to me: "Isn't it beautiful, Mr. Cam?"

To be honest, in these situations "Mr. Cam" only yearns to answer "Not very beautiful." You probably guess why. The reason is that compared to the beaches in Australia, Vietnam beach. , no matter how spectacular they are, there's usually a big minus of garbage.

This happened in Phan Thiet. I don't know if people clean trash regularly or not. But maybe because people also litter regularly, I still see garbage just floating on the water, just scattered all over the sand. Not very much, but they are enough to spoil the landscape and emotions of nature lovers.

Rubbish is everywhere in public places, not just near the ocean. They make many foreigners wonder: why a nation with such pride, culture and historical achievements as proud of Vietnam, is not proud of its natural heritage. So many people are indifferent to the natural beauty and urban landscape that they can cross their arms and watch their country so much garbage?

At first glance, the problem may seem simple, but it is not. I personally think for several days and turn out to be a few reasons why Vietnamese people have a habit of throwing rubbish indiscriminately.

Firstly, Vietnamese people work hard and work in many fields, but when it comes to trash, many people are a bit lazy. For example, I see no shortage of trash cans that are already set on the beach but many people even sitting nearby still do not put garbage in the bin.

Quite a number of people are indifferent to the indiscriminate waste around the living area. I dare not say they lack aesthetic eyes. I guess the truck driver who knew the beauty of the girl nearly got hit by the body of a cane juice, but he probably didn't know that there was a wider landscape that he had just destroyed.

Second, there is the so-called mass mentality. This person throws rubbish indiscriminately off the beach, by the river, or in other public places, others follow in a fairly natural way. Children follow their parents, youngest children follow siblings, friends imitate each other. The "subordinate" does not knowingly do wrong or bad, but may simply dismiss the sense of the environment to follow the example of the "superiors".

However, the problem of spam does not only stem from individuals. It also seems to be related to community behavior.

I find that the act of encouraging people to protect the environment is not drastic enough. Sanctions against the dumping of waste in places not yet implemented seriously have made people not afraid.

Last but not least, some people do not seem to be fully educated about the impact of environmental pollution. As the manufacturers themselves with plastic packaging, which will later become plastic waste, and more broadly is the consumption habit of Vietnamese people. The World Bank survey also shows that Vietnam ranks 16th in the world in the rate of plastic waste, with 60% of the amount of waste is the hard-to-decompose compound. It is one of the few global rankings in which Vietnam ranks first.

So what to do? Everyone can do their best to say no to the salesperson when they are shoving their bags into plastic bags and preparing to put another one out. You can bring your own backpack or canvas bag to the supermarket and say two simple words: "Quit" to be polite enough. In terms of community, parents and seniors can set an example and encourage their children to dispose of rubbish in the right place. And anyone can spend a minute, go online typing the phrase "ocean waste".

As for me, I sit here and wish that I can eat pizza cake freely.

Cameron Shingleton
(Originally in Vietnamese)
Chi tiết

Drink water rags

When I was teaching in Japan, I learned two ways to motivate learners. One is to help them create intrinsic motivation; The second is to create extrinsic motivation.

Motivating from the inside is to help students find what they love and want to learn it. Because when I investigate and discover what I like, the amount of dopamine in the body increases. It helps me to feel excited about the subject, and also helps me to remember quickly and enjoy learning more. Dopamine makes me passionate.

Neurochemistry says that passion is dopamine, which stimulates the brain and body. For example, I study yoga because I like the feeling of practicing it, and then I have very good mental and physical health. Painters like to learn to draw because they feel that each cell merges into the line. You join a sport, solve a puzzle, play a game because you feel interesting. I guess that is the root of the successful educational formula. Education is really just a way to ignite the flame that is available but hidden in every human being.

In class I teach Japanese students, without chairs and tables. All sitting in the yard. Teachers must learn and prepare well, trying to make every lesson fun and interesting, making children unable to notice anything else.

The second way, creating motivation from the outside is to set rules for students to follow, such as fear of punishment, naming; or even the motivation from what you will have after you do that. For example: money. A lot of people work because they don't like it for money. The basic difference is to like to do and to do.

Studying in Vietnam is almost all "must", not "like". I guess this happens to both students and teachers. I taught at a secondary school in Ho Chi Minh City. It is difficult, students do not want to learn, it is difficult to concentrate. I have to study and "act" a lot to get their attention.

The problem is long term, when a lesson has to follow the rules, it's not interesting. As in the education method here, students are more likely to lose motivation, distraction, and discipline. Teachers must try their best to keep their students focused and will eventually burn out. If they still have to work for the money, then they will stop loving the work, feel miserable, even hate what they do.

Yesterday I read the story of teacher Nguyen Thi Minh Huong and many other teachers. They not only gave orders to the students, they also forced the students to drink rags.

Young people are a mess. Anyone who has ever been younger remembers that they haven't learned how to focus well and very rarely does anyone know how to manage themselves better (actually a lot of adults don't know it).

When going to school, many people are thinking that they just need to sit well, listen to the teacher, load a lot of information into the head, and even memorize all the lessons assigned by their teachers is no problem. The reality is different, really today, it is very difficult for students to concentrate and learn well because their heads think many things: problems about puberty, love, family, finance, friends, future in When thousands of things on the Internet, advertising always invites. A lot of things are trying to grab their focus. I mean, studying is now harder than it used to be.

Yesterday I also saw a lot of people blaming and accusing Ms. Huong. It is true that she did an awful act. But aside from that mistake, I think this is a good opportunity for us to understand more about the environment that made her so.

In Vietnam, it is clear that this system has problems from deep roots. To see why Teacher Huong made a mistake, we have to see their environment first. Studies on prisoners and guards show that prison guards also feel they are prisoners at the prison, because of their environmental impact.

Schools in Vietnam are still designed in a very old way, very good for working at the factory, but destroying creativity. Especially the way of teaching memorizing, then forget it all after that.

This mistake, the education system must be responsible. In order to teach students well, the designer of the system, the teachers must be good first, so that they follow him. When I live a short life, of course, what I do will cause consequences.

In an environment where everything goes wrong, it is very difficult to live if you are not like them. I used to work for a school in Vietnam, so hard. That is why I love Vietnamese teachers. They must try to teach a class of students who lack discipline, pay low wages. And sometimes they can't stand it, it's very easy to go crazy.

In my eyes, Vietnamese education lacks many things: other curriculum, smaller classes, fewer students, more effective teachers ... Vietnamese education does not just need money. It is emptied in the position of designers, school administrators and teachers, who are not damaged.

Jesse Peterson (Originally in Vietnamese)
Chi tiết

If the police offender

One of Hanoi's most unlike markets is the flea market. It is not only different by the name, but also by the market selling countless "in the sky and under the sea".

It converges all kinds of goods, old, new, from all sources, including the typical supply from the thief. It is a place where many people like me used to come in search of the purchase of their own mirror - being "erranded" when parked on the street.

We found a mirror. The owner of the stall smiled wryly, falling nearly with a new mirror. Receiving the money, he pocketed it, looking like he wanted the other thing to happen again.

We knew well that our thirteen properties had been stolen, and sold at a place with an address, a clear person, and money to buy. I wondered where the police are, the local government, why is nobody protecting the rights of citizens in a market condoned for thieves, in the heart of Hanoi?

That concern is even stronger, when thinking of Hanoi President Nguyen Duc Chung himself also resolutely directed to eliminate such "flea markets" - with a clear perception that their existence abetted. for stall. That is, the authorities don't know what is going on.

This feeling made me think more and more about an issue that everyone seemed to know: What was the state or the government born for?

The question seems excuse, when the government, or the state, for many people seems to take the position naturally. But the state is not naturally born.

Thomas Hobbes, a British political thinker, identified the most essential, most basic function of the State as "providing the utmost security and safety for every individual in a world full of uncertainty and danger. ”. Because how many material possessions an individual makes and what is robbed ends up doing? Does anyone still want to sweat, boil tears to work? The foundation of a state, the legitimacy of a governmental system to exist, must first be to ensure personal safety and security for the community.

Army to prevent outside intrusions; and the police, to eliminate crime and protect people from within are the basic institutions that help the state achieve that goal. The law, and the law enforcement mechanism, were born first.

Therefore, when officials in the highest ranks of the police force are arrested for alleged crimes, the problem is no longer in individuals. It's just an allegation, just a hypothesis, but people's belief in the system of power and justice is left open by the question: If the symbol of power of the government against crime is 'patronage'. criminals, so people know based on whom?

In this story, a classic principle of politics is shown again: Power tends to corrupt. The more absolute the power, the more the alienation. Without control, power from the pursuit of purpose and good ideals is in danger of going in the opposite direction.

Not only handling individual officials in violation; The police department is also planning in detail to rearrange its structure. But to address the problem more thoroughly, a broader approach to the "police sector" is needed by a comprehensive recognition and re-evaluation of the judicial system, especially the criminal justice system. A procedural system is composed of the main parts: Investigation Agency (police force that functions to investigate crime); prosecuting and convicting bodies (The Procuracy acts on behalf of the government to present evidence of accusations; judicial authorities (courts) and lawyers.

From the perspective of control and balance of power, when the power is concentrated on a part too much, the risk of abuse from that department will naturally be high. Therefore, the issue is not only internal reform, but also other parties involved in the proceedings such as the Procuracy, Court, and lawyers need to be reformed to strengthen accordingly.

It is also a critical time for parliament to ask the relevant law enforcement agencies to conduct detailed explanations so that they can fully assess the issue, before coming to a formal policy reform. At a higher level, an independent parliamentary investigation is also absolutely necessary to collect evidence and suggestions, not only in the police or judicial sectors; but all other social sectors for this important work.

Talented judge Tom C. Clark once made a widely known statement: "Nothing can ruin a government faster than its failure to enforce its own laws."

For me, an incident was discovered as an opportunity to regain the trust of people in law enforcement.

I hope that from then on, the flea markets selling stolen goods in the blue bar can be excluded, not to mention a myriad of other "ignorant" markets. From there, the new citizens can be assured that the State is dedicated to doing its best to protect their property and safety and security.

Nguyen Quang Dong
Chi tiết

Dumb fields

On a field on the outskirts of Hanoi, there was a pump station that had long been inactive.

The pumping station was the result of an investment in a "safe vegetable growing area project" - an ambition of the government on a new face for district agriculture. That project, after nearly 10 years, has not been fully disbursed, so no one has finished the pump station worth many billion.

Rusty water pipes, peeling lime walls, pump stations lie dormant in the field. And the surrounding farmers are getting water to water vegetables from the well. They dug the well in the middle of the field, sucked up the water with a self-equipped pump, then grabbed buckets and poured water into the vegetables themselves. Hanoi citizens in the 21st century water their vegetables with buckets - as their forefathers did for centuries.

Around the field, we met four people, four interest groups. They listed four different versions of the pump station's fate.

The farmer was watering vegetables at noon in the sun, saying that the pumping station was ineffective. It was a bad design: water didn't come to her fields. Besides, that "safe vegetable growing" project is also a discarded thing. She tried to participate in the one-crop project, but the vegetables were rotten and no one consumed them. She planted and brought to the market to sell. She had forgotten about the state-invested irrigation system.

The chairman of the cooperative, who was in charge of the pumping station, was bitter that the farmer would not cooperate with him. Every day he runs a pump station of all 5 million electricity, but farmers do not want to pay irrigation fees. Regarding the clean vegetable project, he said that farmers also failed to comply with their commitments. The plan was good, but the farmers didn't follow it, so now he owed it.

The vice-chairman of the commune declared that the agricultural situation was still good. His commune, a model of agricultural model of the whole city, the whole country. The pumping station does not always work, because it is based on the "actual production situation". Since the project for safe vegetable production has not been implemented so far, do not rush to evaluate the effectiveness.

We went into the pump station hoping to find the person who was directly looking after it. Pump station watchers, will probably understand what happened.

There, there is a man living. He led us to the fields, with his hands and feet, spit on the old carrots, the beds of lettuce that grew as tall as the harvester's limbs, and the beds of tomatoes wilted with insects. The field looks sad. He tried to make very loud sounds from the throat. But we do not understand. The man is mute.

We were forced to accept that the person closest to the pumping station was unable to convey his story.

The four people on the field point to a pumping station and tell four different stories, with four attitudes, giving four messages. The farmer was busy watering vegetables with little emotion. The chairman of the cooperative was sore in the face of ruin. The commune leader smiled permanently. The farmer said that it was the government's fault. The cooperative said it was the fault of the farmers who lacked awareness. The government, surprised (still smiling): it's okay, why is it at fault? And he was dumb, it was hard to predict whether he was happy or sad, just trying to "say" out loud something we couldn't catch.

We discussed and decided that there was nothing we could do but tell all four versions to our readers, so that each one could reflect on the fate of the pumping station in the field.

Yesterday, the Prime Minister spoke to farmers in a rare event. There, there were 300 representatives of farmers from many regions.

That conversation reminded me of the pump station on the outskirts of Hanoi. "Dialogue" on agriculture and rural areas is a more difficult problem than in many fields. There, there are typical demographic conditions, taking place in areas far from the administrative center; Relevant people rarely use smartphones, rarely use social networking and are not trained to speak out. Try replacing the pumping station on the other field with an inactive lift, or an inferior construction item in the apartment building, to make it easy to imagine. No one livestream the situation of the pump station, complaining to the investor even though many years have passed. The story of the apartment building was certainly noisy.

Certainly the Prime Minister, with his advisory network, with a very active Agriculture Minister had heard many stories in the fields across the country. And yesterday's dialogue, just symbolic, where the head of government fired direct messages to farmers.

But anyway, the dialogue about agriculture is very specific. In this typical context, after the village of bamboo, among farmers who do not have the habit of recording life records with Facebook, I suddenly realized that the other pump station, after several years lying still in the field, was able to keep up. tinged with a detective story. Although behind the pump station, not a few billion, but a major policy problem, maybe a national plan, it was tripping ... silent.

From behind the village, the stories that pop out to your mobile screen today are much rarer than the urban ones. 70% of the population lives in the countryside, a gray space of the media. Dialogue on agriculture is therefore a heavy task. It cannot be brief in an auditorium of hundreds of delegates. People expected the Central Party to come down, listen and understand more times. Heavy duty and long lasting. Because there have been wrong places not only "listening" or "answering" but also investigating efforts.

The detective story in the field, it might be hard to attract readers' comments like a normal case story. And if not careful, then even though all sides "dialogue" already, every Vietnamese field can still become a mute field.

Lord Emperor
Chi tiết

The uncertain Mekong River

In a lecture for secondary students in Can Tho, I started with the question: "Does anyone know what the Mekong is like here?". There are only four arms raised in a classroom of 50 people.

One of them explained to the class that the Mekong is a river flowing into Vietnam, forming the Mekong River. Not only the children in the West, dozens of farmers I interviewed in Bac Lieu, Ca Mau or An Giang did not know much about the river flowing in front of their door. They do not know the vast plains of their families to earn their living from the end of the seventh longest river in Asia, flowing through six countries. The more they don't know what is going to happen to the Tien, Hau and Can Tho rivers ...

The news about Mekong seems to be out of reach for fishermen who dive all year round on alluvial fresh water. Meanwhile, according to a report by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Mekong Delta now has 265 points of river and coastal erosion. 265 points with a total length of 450km.

The Mekong Summit has just taken place in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Here environmental researchers warn that hydropower will damage the river basin, with serious environmental and socio-economic impacts.

This warning is not new. The report on the amount of sediment made by the Mekong River Commission this year wrote: “The amount of alluvium is estimated to decrease by 67% to 97% in development scenarios from 2020 to 2040. Sediment loss can have consequences. seriously affecting the abundance of the river, affecting the geomorphology and soil stability in the Mekong Delta ”.

With hydroelectricity on both the secondary and main currents being built, the alluvial scenario studied is expected to be only one-third of 10 years ago. And by 2040, the amount of sediment that the delta will lose will be 97%.

The morphology of the delta is threatened. The riches that constitute the lives of the students I ask are hardly intact. Consecutive landslides House drifting. River water is no longer rich in silt. Rice fields are no longer eager to pour water and lose nutrients. They occur slowly, erode and seriously destroy people's livelihood in An Giang, Bac Lieu and Dong Thap. People have spoken out about the disappearance of the floating market. It is extremely difficult to imagine those who have ever traveled across the plains.

The 2016 drought left a deep wound for lowland farmers. The whole Ben Tre province is seriously affected by saline intrusion. People thirst for clean water. Over two hundred thousand hectares of rice, hundreds of thousands of hectares of fruit orchards were damaged.

Hydropower, an important element that has caused major changes in the Mekong River and the Mekong Delta for many years, has been an important contributor to the region's development. Many important hydropower on the mainstream of the Mekong River have been built, about to go into operation.

At the summit of the Mekong River Commission last week in Siem Reap, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc also affirmed that the current top concern of the Vietnamese Government is to respond to negative impacts on the Mekong Delta region due to climate change, extreme climate events and human activities.

The fate of the Mekong Delta depends on a long series of major impacts from the upstream Mekong to many neighboring countries, and to the narrow canal of fishermen's porch in the hamlet. Pangasius rafts, green fields or rich fruit gardens have all become the main actors in the uncertain future picture.

In 2016, Thai fishermen I met understood that they lost their crops because the upstream water fell erratically too quickly due to adjustments from the Canh Hong (China) dam. But the farmers in Dong Thap I have never had the chance to understand what is and will happen to their lives, when living with newly born hydroelectric dams.

They did not know that such a gentle stream did not naturally pull landslides and engulf houses. They said, listening to the radio said China was releasing water to save Vietnam.

The kids who will own the plains are missing information from the government and the community. Information can help them anticipate and cope with a future of thirst and hunger in the rich and enthusiastic Mekong River.

Where does the government response come from? Is the participation of the plague-plagued farmers plagued by muddy and scalar livelihoods for years to come?

Revelation
Chi tiết

Control of power

I have a 5-year-old daughter. Like every kid, sometimes she's very annoying. Whenever the little cat was too busy to make arrangements, I had to offer a ransom card: "If you're good, we'll buy gifts at the weekend".

Effective "sugar". My child immediately tried to "be good", so that he could get his favorite gift at the weekend.

If you've ever been a parent, be honest, do you "bribe" your children to follow what you want? If your child gets good test results, parents will reward one or the other. Many acquaintances I admit have used this saying.

This is not a good example of education. I know it, that using the parents' advantage: having money to buy gifts, having the right to take children out of the house, to the store, the right to give to the children of their choice, or even the right to withdraw that promise ... It can all spoil children, causing them to use their weapons more often; "corrupt" the parents themselves who have the guardianship with the child.

However, by nature, this way of education is not far from the phenomenon we still call "abuse of power" and "bribe of priority". It is not just happening in every house.

Numerous studies have shown that "corruption" is a characteristic of humans and appeared early in human history. Many scholars agree that corruption was the reason for the destruction of the Roman empire. Professor Ramsay Mcmullen, author of "Corruption and the fall of the Roman Empire" also said that moral education is only secondary to reducing corruption, limiting the abuse of power to profit. personal.

Statements about the will against degeneration and degradation in the Party are constantly being issued by the leaders. The fact that high-ranking officials are disciplined, many in the power enforcement and control apparatus arrested for allegedly abusing their positions and powers can be an example to prove this will.

Mahatma Gandhi once said: "This earth is enough to satisfy everyone's needs, but not enough to satisfy their greed." Power does not lead to greed. On the contrary, it is the greed of money and material that leads people to squeeze to reach power. The greater the power, the greater the temptation, and then the greed leads to the act of abusing power for personal gain.

Therefore, I think that the Party Central Committee's Secretariat requires each individual cadre and Party member to "publicize their commitment to training, preserving moral qualities, lifestyles and not regressing" to go. coupled with continuing to build a transparent legal environment. The lack of transparency and lack of control is the ideal environment for corruption to reproduce.

We have the 2005 Anti-Corruption Law and the provisions of the current Criminal Code. However, this mechanism is still inadequate. For example, the Anti-Corruption Law does not apply to the non-state sector.

Moreover, the issue of law enforcement is completely a different story. The denunciation of corruption, even though the law stipulates that the whistleblower is "protected from the law", in fact it is still a general principle and there is no specific mechanism to protect whistleblowers. Therefore, many people accuse of becoming victims of retaliation, fraud, harassment. The 2013 Global Corruption Barometer survey shows that in Vietnam “only 38% of respondents are willing to denounce corruption, 51% of people are afraid that denouncing corruption will not change anything and 28 % are afraid to suffer the consequences ”.

In the fight against abuse of power and corruption, the control role of the people is essential. It can be effective when comes with two elements: transparency in management and freedom of association guaranteed. If the Law on Access to Information has been enacted, we are still waiting for the Law on Association to be born.

So long as we do not have a reasonable mechanism to control the power of the leader and effectively exercise this right, we still have to accept that corruption will be a part of our lives, just like the Parents still have to "bribe" their children to escape quickly from stressful hours.

In either case, whether it is a part of life or a solution to change, it is we who choose.

Le Thi Thien Huong
Chi tiết

Hanoians swing the rope

One of the escape solutions offered by the Hanoi government with the 26th floor of CT1 Xa La apartment building (Phuc La, Ha Dong), if a fire occurs, is to swing the rope ladder to the floor below or to the ground.

The above apartment building is one of 17 existing constructions which violated the difficult fire fighting situation in Hanoi. And the swing down from the 26th floor is an "alternative" that the government proposed to the people.

When the press wondered why the fire protection standards of these structures were lowered, the director of the Hanoi Police Department, Hoang Quoc Dinh, said that this was not "lowering standards" but "having higher standards. technical qualification acceptable. ”

I have been on the scene reporting on many fires, but I have not seen professional firefighters swing the rope ladder from the 26th floor to the ground. So I did not imagine the image of the people, including the elderly, children, how to escape with a rope ladder at the height of 70 - 80m.

That solution, from an "acceptable" technical point of view, was not a technical expert to judge. But from an information perspective, Hanoi's behavior with buildings that do not meet fire safety standards makes observers worried.

Information from the authorities is dancing. On the same day, April 4, the leader of the FPF gave 3 different figures about the apartment buildings that violated FPF. At a meeting of the City Party Committee in the morning, Deputy Director of FPF said, there were 31 apartment violations. Announcing at a press conference the same day, the director of this department said only 28 apartments were in violation. But when questioned by the press right after the meeting, he himself gave the number "there are 29 remaining apartments in violation". A week earlier, another deputy director informed the People's Council that 38 apartments were still in violation.

The story of fire prevention and fighting in apartments is the focus of public opinion, in the context of the Carina apartment fire in Ho Chi Minh City caused serious consequences. However, the common denominator behind the statements is the inability for the fire prevention and control condominiums to let people in.

In Nam Tu Liem, representative of the Fire Prevention and Fighting Police Department No. 3 said that only commercial and office floors could be coerced, floors where residents wanted to be compelled to study law carefully. In Thanh Xuan, the district chairman declared that the fault first of all belonged to the investor and the people themselves and the district "could not send a 24-hour watchman" to prevent people from entering.

And the story doesn't stop at commercial apartments. From plots, mini apartments, resettlement houses, all have a very ominous history of fire prevention.

At the end of 2015, after the end of fire prevention and fighting supervision in resettlement apartment buildings, the Head of the Legal Department of the People's Council once issued a warning of fire prevention violations in these works. ”. He used the word "catastrophe" if a fire occurred in a resettlement apartment.

Nearly 3 years later, the leader of the Hanoi Housing Management and Development Enterprise, the unit managing the resettlement apartment, still stated that all resettlement apartments in the city area were still "problematic". about fire protection ”.

Vice Chairman Nguyen Van Suu, when working with the Fire Protection Department, once cited the press of the press about "coffins" when describing the risk of fire in ground houses built in a blocky style. exit. Hanoi still has about half a million such houses.

Fire department leaders advised people to "boycott" not to buy mini apartments because of many potential risks, including fire fighting. But Hanoi has never given an official number of mini apartments in the area. There is also no separate supervision on this type of apartment.

While the government is still discussing how to manage, hundreds of mini apartments have sprung up, tens of thousands of people still have to fight their lives, they can not "boycott", they need a suitable place for their pockets. money they have.

With all these problems discovered and lasting for many years, Hanoi needs many alternatives to many substandard ones.

If I needed an example of an effective "alternative" in firefighting, I would only have seen it once. That is the scene of the Quang market fire in Thanh Tri in March. That day, the fire department had to mobilize the car to wash the road to get water to fight fire. The reason for this innovative and mobile solution: Hanoi still lacks 3,500 water posts, the most basic infrastructure in fire protection.

And to implement "alternatives" in an emergency situation, not everyone is brave enough. In the opening match of V-League 2018 between Hanoi and Hai Phong on Hang Day yard, the impressive image for me that day was not the audience filling the pitch or the only goal of the match. It was a picture of a fireman kicking a flare with a foot - thrown into the yard from Hai Phong fans - onto the line.

The firefighter had been carefully trained, to have the bravery to react to the fire, but could not avoid a spontaneous reaction to the flare in front of him. He could not calmly handle it, but kicked it away. It was at that moment, in my mind, I asked the question, if the apartment burns, can an ordinary person calmly swing on the rope from 80m to escape as an alternative that authorities have suggested?

Vo Hai
Chi tiết

War record

In 2015 I returned to Svay Rieng, where the US army threw the first B52 bomb on Cambodian soil.

There, I did a series of articles about President Richard Nixon's "Breakfast" campaign - when he decided to bomb Cambodia's carpet, a neutral, non-combat state - to stop the North Vietnamese army.

The scene after 40 years is still heartbreaking. The Khmer point to the pond in front of the house, a crater, and say the word "second year" in Vietnamese. A man with faded hair still sobbed, mentioning his parents. In his memory, as a 10-year-old boy who ran back from a cowherd and saw that the house was on fire, he was an orphan.

Some time after that series, a colleague met me and said, "People curse you on forums." That is not a surprising development. I didn't try to read it, because I could guess what people said. That 40 years after the war, my still writing articles about old wounds, makes many people understand that the nuance of "condemning the crimes of the US military" is thought to be an expression of old propaganda , evokes hatred. And of course, there will be arousing debate over who is responsible for the bomb craters in Cambodia. I have dug up an annoying stream of views in the context of "normalization" being absolute.

The topic of war is easy to get tired. In my journalistic life, I myself was tired of the topic of war at times. Last month, I told the female colleague I was in charge of, that from now until the end of the year I asked you not to do any more articles about war. It was a young person, just like me a few years ago, who came out of the school gate and was startled to realize that I knew so little about history. Text-based textbooks and movies made according to state orders do not explain the complexity of the country's history, nor do they fully reflect people's emotions. She passionately traveled back to the old battlefields, met old witnesses and evoked historical stories. It is very time consuming. And I am now an editor with a lot of topical affairs. "People are living with too many problems, I want you to do it first" - I said coldly.

But I always wondered if I was fair at that moment, when just a few years ago, I defied curses to rejuvenate the wounds of war. I told myself, that in that village of Svay Rieng, where electricity is not available today, the roof of thatched roof, if not me, who would go there to know that people were still crying because of bombs .

Viet Thanh Nguyen, a Vietnamese-born refugee professor who won the 2016 Pulitzer Prize, wrote an article in the New York Times titled, "The Vietnam War has never ended." Arriving in the United States at the age of 4, successful and respected, he did not call himself an "immigrant", but still affirmed that he was a "refugee" because the United States had created a disastrous war in Vietnam. Male. Those who follow Viet Thanh's career know that Vietnamese refugees in the US are a subject that this American-born professor is obsessed with.

Viet Thanh said that telling, reading and hearing about the lives of people who lost their lives as a war is an obligation, is "a way to deal with the loss of control of the industrial-military complex" of the United States.

Superpowers, with their own economic and political motives, have more than once been shown to have a need to wage war on their own. The wars will then be called by this name, another name; summarized by political theories; photographed in the form of heads of state in a suit shaking hands at a conference table; then will be judged right and wrong by debate, blame, by experts.

But I have never met a witness of the war calling it by a name other than "war". Not "Vietnam War", "Second Indochina War" or "54-75 War", simply "War". War is not a social state, an activity that limits time and space. It is the personal pain of a person, the child who just laid down like yesterday and the mother lying in a pool of blood, the pain that is endless and cannot end.

Today the US directly attacked Syria, with "beautiful, new and intelligent" missiles as President Trump called. And then this war will be called by some name on Wikipedia. It will again be described by political debate, with "Russia" or "America", "Putin" or "Trump" as the subject. Hungry Syrian children and Syrian women and men covered in blood and mortar will never appear enough. Even the Syrian refugee fleets will be described by "Merkel policy" or "Edict of Theresa May". We have always dealt with war in such a written manner. No one can look at each face, each eye long enough to comprehend their terrible pain.

I myself, realized that at one point, I had also considered war to be a "topic", arranged in a certain order of priority by an observer from a distance. At one point, I also felt that repeatedly telling painful stories about the war was exhausting, and wondered what it might do for the military-industrial complex that Viet Thanh Nguyen mentioned. next? Who can stop the US government from spending US $ 2 trillion budget on bombs in Iraq when they have the incentive to spend? Fifteen million people took to the streets around the world on March 15, 2003, nor did it prevent George W. Bush and his allies.

But maybe as normal people on this planet, we only have one way. Remind that war is not the records, but the pain, scars of each person in the flesh. It cannot end in peace. We tell and teach our children to share that pain, to hate war and the polities that create war.

That day, the reporter finished listening and said: "I won't let you go on your own. In July, I will revisit the border battlefield ”. I was silent, accepting that I was a bad manager. Sometimes, the scribes - like us - don't have the right to treat everything as a record.

Lord Emperor
Chi tiết

The tax burden

"Tax police" is a concept proposed a few years ago, by the General Department of Taxation, addressed to our country's legislatures. The representative of this agency then shared with me that this team will be in charge of the monitoring, investigation and after having sufficient evidence, has the right to prosecute tax evasion. Taxation sector developed this proposal after referring to experiences from some countries.

But this proposal was not agreed and so few people remember. Tax evasion, a criminal offense, is still investigated and prosecuted by the Economic Police Bureau of the police.

In some countries, "tax police" have a specific duty, investigation profession is very specific and specific. This team is powerful because they can take the defendant straight to court and can go to jail without a third party. In Vietnam, the amount of tax evasion has never been publicly and officially estimated. At the end of last year, the Ministry of Finance reported a total debt of VND 74,912 billion. The agency "strives for total tax debt as of December 31, 2018, not exceeding 5% of total annual budget revenue".

That is a huge number. "Tax debt" means not lost, because there is an address and can be claimed, but the money lost due to tax evasion, we do not know and lack the mechanism to reclaim. In estimation, the amount of tax evasion annually is not smaller than the other tax debt.

The Ministry of Finance last week held a press conference on the Law on Property Tax with the goal of "collecting more than VND 30,000 billion for the budget". I thought, if we collect the right amount, collect the full amount of tax debt and reduce the case of tax evasion, the budget will naturally have tens of thousands of billion more already, as it should have.

But of course, even if the budget earns tens of thousands of billion dong, the State can still introduce new tax laws, but the Property Tax here is an example. Because tax, returning to its true mission, is a tool of social management and operation of the State.

But from my observations of policy communication and public opinion, there are a few things to keep in mind in this story:

First, it is necessary to affirm that the Property Tax here is a new tax. Houses attached to land and houses were considered as a type of real estate, but since the land use tax had already been collected, the Ministry of Finance now wanted to tax the house as an independent object of the land. And besides the house, this bill also taxes a number of other assets such as cars, airplanes, yachts, production materials ... This is a direct tax on the property owner.

Second, many questions related to this tax need to be clarified by the Ministry of Finance. From the perspective of the object that is directly affected by the money of citizens and businesses, they need to know more details, tax rate of 0.4% based on what basis? Who will implement the valuation process, how to set the price, valuation tools, tax calculation, tax collection, ... Not to mention houses, cars, planes, boats, they are all "consumer products". - price reduction over time of use even when land price increases. So what is the standard for anchoring those assets? 3 or 5 years will adjust, how to adjust? The basic information gaps need to be very clear to the people.

Thirdly, the tax functions such as generating revenue for the budget, serving the operation of the state apparatus, ensuring national security and defense, providing social welfare and public services, regulating income; along with the tax principles to be followed such as fairness, equality and efficiency in the case of how and how will Property taxes be implemented? For example, will this tax regulate the income, consumption behavior of the owner of the "golden chicken 6 villa" and who is only having a torn house? Both, do they live better and feel fairer?

The way to publish information in a "throwing bomb" on a tax affecting tens of millions of people like the Property tax is lacking thorough preparation, lack of analysis and convincing arguments from many angles. Especially, from the perspective of those affected by the policy, it inevitably causes surprises, surprises for public opinion, even negative reactions from the people.

Tax is an unpopular word, so it is also called the tax burden. No one likes the "burden" at all, they just accept whether it makes sense or not. People and businesses, if forced to take that burden, they need to be explained why, it is fair to all parties rather than listening to the familiar chorus of "taxed countries" so me too. One-sided arguments, imposing, not causing discontent are strange.

The story of taxation or not is not as important as the taxation. How to collect taxes, in fact, it also tells how to spend.

Recently, the French government has just increased the personal income tax rate to 75%, in millions, the billionaire has planned to move to neighboring Luxembourg. It is another side of the tax that no country expects.

Vu Dinh Anh
Chi tiết

Punch and dignity

It was a winter night in 2001. The emergency room where I was on duty was very tense.

Tua directly only three doctors, with two elderly nurses and some young students shoots. I was in charge of the third pole so I was under all pressure. All patients were urgent and stressed, so I had to prioritize, classify serious illnesses to handle and issue appropriate orders.

The patient was very crowded in the hospital. Sometimes, there are people who are disappointed with the long wait. Some people become violent and violent. In order not to be attacked, I had to take short steps without appearing impatient.

More than 23 pm that I still have not eaten. A father took his 10-year-old son to the hospital because of a bloody scalp tear. I have examined and explained that a scalp tear will cause a lot of blood to leak out, but it is not as dangerous as patients with internal injuries, so the nurse will perform a first aid bandage and waiting for us to have time to solve But her father does not agree.

The father after a question, intimidation, and cursing; He reached out and punched me in the face, spat a spit at the center of my face, and threatened to kill my whole family.

At that time, my heart was heavy. All the patients, the patients' families, the two old nurses and the young students, everyone turned to me in awe and no one dared say a word. I have never been humiliated in my life. At that moment, I had only two options, either to sit there to continue being beaten with saliva beaches, or run out to avoid intimidation and shame. I want to disappear!

And I ran out with dead feelings. The father chased after me, grabbed me by the neck, threw me in the trash and threatened. I never imagined humiliation and shame like that. That was the moment when I felt the most lonely. It leaves emotional scars that will never be lost on me. My dignity has been stripped and my self-worth destroyed.

All the next developments are really bad. In the days that followed, I occasionally received a threatening message. I feel worn out physically, psychologically and emotionally. Phobia cannot name, but I also see insults, baseless allegations, humiliation and isolation.

I choose to live in silence. Everyday professional work I try to mechanically improve it, but it's hell that becomes familiar. Feelings of shame and guilt immersed in the darkness of the secret.

The wound in me is always easy to swell again, especially when a colleague is hit, it will make me suffer more and feel like being humiliated in front of people. And I kept imagining, one day the story would be repeated to me, shivering like that.

I am trapped in a psychological trap that no one can help. I tried to get out of that trap, even thinking of quitting my job, or worse. But the more I thought about it, the more I was in a panic, even though I took a long vacation to go somewhere trying to forget everything.

I cannot share difficulties with anyone. No one knows how hard I got hit. No one would have imagined I'd heard cynicism and intimidation, and spit spit straight in my face.

No one knows that every day on the road, I have to look first and see if anyone is following me, and then I have to change my phone number constantly because there are strange messages threatening to kill the whole family.

Finally, after nearly a year of living in fear, I decided to do something about it. I was too tired. I no longer want to continue those days.

And I have written an application to transfer. I knew that if I continued to be a surgeon with a scalpel, something I'd longed for during my six years of college, I would have to face many of those punches and threats. I knew that if I continued on the path I had originally chosen, then to go to glory I would have to go through a lot of dark journeys.

The wound in me is so big, that I can only fix it by moving out of my previous job, to a safer field where I will have both career and life. Less face the dangers.

I went very far and started looking back. It took many years for me to repair soul damage. I'm not bitter and resentful, I forgive my angry father who beat and threatened me, but I don't want myself and my colleagues to fall into such situations, don't want anyone deprived. self-worth and honor.

Physical violence is dangerous, but the psychological consequences are lasting. Every day, I still receive phone calls from my colleagues, saying that they were shocked when family members threatened to claim the doctor's life. In those moments, I understood very well that colleagues were desperate and needed sharing. But who can help them, or all of them fall silent and let the doctor find a way to heal for years like me.

Medicine is a difficult job. But the violence that will make our work much more difficult. If the law continues to treat medical violence as street conflicts, it is the silence to support violence development.

Yesterday, a colleague of mine was punched in the middle of the face, right at my hospital. And like so many other times, I read discussions, ideas, and maybe even some policy proposals. But perhaps like me 17 years ago, everything will stop at the comments - and the doctor will suffer the wounds that punch caused.

Tran Van Phuc
Chi tiết

Short-term satisfaction

The section where Mrs. Tuoi is assigned to collect rubbish has a dog butcher shop. In crowded days, the owner often gives this sanitation worker more than tens of thousands, called "fostering" so that she cleans a pile of bony bones, apricot leaves, lemongrass ... half and half of the regular day, accounting for more than half Trash in a trolley.

On Tet holiday, she often comes home at 4am. Restaurants and bars are full of people, trash is full of trash. But the money made her happy, accepting to clear the piles of rubbish that filled the edge of the bin, overflowing the side of the road. The owner was satisfied, instead of dumping garbage in the right place on time, the janitors who had been given a few tens of thousands would clean it up. In the relationship of both sides, everyone has satisfaction.

In Mrs. Tuoi's neighborhood, I also met Mr. Minh. He works as a garbage collector in an apartment building. He was a "second-hand worker", that is, without a contract or insurance, so he was groping around in a dark basement collecting garbage bags thrown down through a floor drain. Ten years living in Hanoi, he did not speak Kinh fluently.

Mr. Minh's satisfaction was on a different level than that of Mrs. Tuoi: he passed it on to his wives and children. Two children just over 10 years old have dropped out of school, now follow their father to pick up bottles and jars from the trash. There, I saw the bright smiles of children, when collecting garbage, counting bottles, when ... playing with garbage.

The smiles of Minh's children in that dark trash cell were clearly something wrong. What could be wrong in an agreement where everyone present was satisfied?

I suddenly realized that the satisfaction of Mrs. Tuoi and the owner of the shop did not help the environment. It makes the habit of indiscriminate littering will be maintained forever. Apricot leaves and dog bones will continue to be thrown out onto the street because someone has cleaned them cheaply.

Mr. Minh's satisfaction in the trash bin of the apartment, as well as the satisfaction of the residents living above him, will never create a more efficient waste collection process in the distant future. Satisfaction also never improves the rights of employees later - his children. They will have to learn to be content in the trash like their father.

In our society, there are many "good to sell" cooperation, everyone is satisfied but no one can measure the long-term consequences.

Workers who spend their spring in the factory, working 600-800 hours a year are satisfied when they receive an additional monthly overtime pay. The owner is satisfied because the order is on schedule. The increase is not based on productivity gains, people who are squeezed out, always in a sleepy state, will be eliminated before the age of 35, but survive.

Sellers on the sidewalk are satisfied when not losing the rent, paying taxes and fees. Buyers are ready to park on the side of the road, under the road, pleased by the convenience. Even the order manager may get satisfaction with a "deal".

In administrative transactions with "lubrication" fee, the procedures are satisfied to save time and labor, not witnessing the bossy attitude, the perpetual faucet of officials even if losing a few hundred thousand more to several million. Officers are satisfied with the extra salary.

They smile in short-term satisfaction. The short-term satisfaction of Vietnamese people often becomes an obstacle to long-term development. It will always leave sequelae. 48% of people in the 2017 Vietnam Public Administration and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) said that they had to "lay hands" in order to get a job in the state sector.

The level of toleration of corruption has increased, showing the question: What is the amount of money being extorted so that people can voice their accusations? In 2017, the average amount that could result in a charge was VND 27.5 million, while that of 2016 was VND 25.6 million. And the percentage of people who are harassed determined to report has always been "sustainable" for many years, only 3%.

Below 27.5 million is a figure accepted by many people in return for satisfaction. The price of short-term satisfaction in the Vietnamese market has increased.

The situation may be less likely to happen, if the salary of civil servants is enough to survive, provinces and cities provide better public services, improve the capacity and attitude of civil servants and the feedback and responsibility. better accountability of government agencies. Workers will also not have to rely on 800 extra hours a year if the welfare policy protects them. Piles of dog-meat-trash will not naturally be cleaned, and the shopkeeper will be punished, if the environment policy is comprehensive. Public policy was created to prevent this "self-agreement" situation; to ensure the long-term interests of society are not violated. But in many cases, the policy does not do that, and the parties seek satisfaction from each other.

The smile of the youngest brother of Minh's family in the trash bin is not right. But I will not be able to describe to you, that the policy should have been designed so that you will never work in that bin, in exchange for the satisfaction of the four people in the family. brother.

When the parties agree, they never see their harmful effects. The victim is not present. It could be the future generation, the children of Mr. Minh and Mrs. Tuoi if the garbage collection process is still maintained by the satisfaction of their parents; it could be an educated young man who is still unemployed, because someone has run a payroll that should belong to them. It may also be the fate of a country that never goes beyond the middle-income trap, when both low-cost outsourcing is sustained by the satisfaction of workers and employers.

And you, have ever entered into a transaction that the parties are satisfied, but you still see something wrong?

Hoang Phuong
Chi tiết

Food belief

When the "coffee blending pin" story was circulated among the community, I was not surprised if something like that really happened. It is not strange that as soon as the news came out, it was quickly received by many people.

In Bristol, where I live, I just met a lawyer who deals with cases of many abducted Vietnamese teenagers coming to England. They were forced to live and work illegally in poor conditions at Vietnamese nail salons. The lawyer, calling my people "modern slaves".

But the hidden corner that I learned from other Vietnamese was even more amazing. Many Vietnamese fled to the UK to do nail jobs and earn money. When arrested by the police, they claimed to be minors and abducted and forced to come to England as slaves. Vietnamese people have small appearance, making British police believe them. When they claim to be enslaved, if they are not eligible to be sent back to Vietnam or no other European countries receive, they will be temporarily staying in the UK by many routes and then can be naturalized. And the owner of the nail salon will be fined £ 20,000 for each such employee and may be prosecuted, in prison. So there are nail salon owners, due to jealousy of other nail salon owners, who secretly went "to report" to the police that the other salon used illegal labor or "slaves" and minors' labor.

This story made me realize that Vietnamese people can harm each other with many levels: the owner exploits the worker, the worker accuses his master of abducting him and forces him to be a slave while they escape to England to look for work, the owners shop denounce each other. This is an tit for tat. No one is a good person.

That's the story in England. And in Vietnam, can a dirty food production establishment be closed down and prosecute the first person to prevent people from continuing to sell murderous toxins to their compatriots? Pesticide spraying, fruits impregnated with toxic chemicals, rotten meat sold to restaurants, contaminated cooking oils ... have taken place for decades, the scale of the cases discovered later than the previous crop.

I was shocked when I looked at another community, also in England. A friend of mine, Chinese, opened a new restaurant here. He has not rushed to register the restaurant on the network to advertise right away but plans to do it after the restaurant "runs" for a year, with many familiar customers. He said, if later on the Internet, the restaurant was said badly, many customers will defend. He is confident: "The environment here is easy to do business properly".

I feel uneasy. Faith there is exchanged back and forth and multiplied. The guest believes the owner is doing business properly, the owner believes the guest will protect him if he treats them nicely. They will also get rich, but in a different way.

As for my relatives and friends in Vietnam, I often tell my children that when they go to the street, they have to "watch out for being taken advantage of", do not let them lose, they must hurry and compete for their own interests.

How can we be more kind to each other when we are always nurturing that another passerby will harm us?

Food mixed with toxins, impurities, not nursing people that kill. It is very strange in many countries, but it is not strange in Vietnam. I have heard the story about an ice cubes near 10 departments, ministries and branches management, but ice is still not safe. People put chemicals into water to make rocks quickly, consume less electricity and sell more profit.

So, nearly a dozen ministries and departments, what do they do? They still check, even if it is just unexpected, to find out the formulated pho, Pho, borax, dirty ice ... But many times, representatives of these agencies are coal, they are not enough people, no enough tools and mechanisms.

I am not defending them, but do not rush to blame the people who eat and take care of food safety, because that task is not easy when the murder food exists thanks to the tolerance of each person. All other producers of dirty food, from vegetables to fish meat, have been able to do evil deeds over the years, for failing to do so is warned and warned by one of those close to them. , or advice.

The old saying "buyer loses to the seller". The buyer never knows everything about the item he pays for, and the seller is always sure about the value of the item. Price, in many cases, is far from valuable.

That value, is an important part of our beliefs and social capital. It is still being worn down instead of having to thicken according to normal rules. And few feel that it is their responsibility to foster or protect their faith.

Ho Quoc Tuan
Chi tiết

Spirit of service

During the two days, two doctors appeared in public, and talked about the concept of service. First was Dr. Hong Chien, who had just been beaten at Saint Paul Hospital. He held back his hiccup to say, "No matter how pinched the doctor will be, he will serve the person who beat them."

The second one, is Dr. Do Ngoc Chanh at the 115 emergency center in Ho Chi Minh City. Just 23 staff of this center quit their jobs because their salary was not enough to live, even less than 2 million VND / month. The emergency jobs do not generate income from services like other medical facilities, so they have no income but salaries. And Dr. Chanh, after saying that "income is very difficult", had to identify himself: "The emergency is to serve."

The two words "serve" in the nuance that doctors have used, are raised as a guideline of people working in the public sector since the time of the country's independence, and up until today. Country history records the spirit of this "service". We cannot count all the poems, essays or songs praising the voluntary devotion of man to the ideal and to the people.

But the market economy demands to reconsider the nuance of those two words "serve" and the perspective system behind it.

To think about a market economy, try imagining a product that has been gaining attention over the past week, coffee. You come to a small city in the Central, sidewalks are crowded with people, relaxing scenery. You sit down at the roadside toad restaurant and sip a delicious black coffee. You smile, stand up and ask for money. Coffee cup costs five thousand dong.

The moment you hear the price of a coffee, what do you think? At that moment, I panicked the tip of my tongue on the roof of my mouth, tried to check the bitterness left in despair, and wondered what I'd just been given.

I'm not sure how cheap a cup of coffee can be produced, the sellers can be honest. But subconsciously, I was forced to pardon him in thinking: I do not believe there exists a cup of coffee for five thousand dong. In that moment, in my mind was the natural reaction formed by the market economy. It is called a sense of price. This consciousness even formed before the "spirit of service" of revolutionary romanticism was born. Since ancient times, the old people have taught, "cheapness is mine".

But when an emergency case of the 115 center always costs 150,000 VND, regardless of distance, regardless of day and night, regardless of patient's situation, for both doctors, nurses and drivers, people not alarmed, the doctors can only explain that they are "serving" the people.

The spirit of these two words "serving", over decades of praise, has transcended the literal meaning of a verb, and has become a spirit against common market laws. Having called "service", you can forget about the sense of price. Of course, there is a time when a society needs to resist common market laws to survive, such as wartime. But when we are striving to build a healthy market economy, it becomes a drag.

Does this "service" mentality also include policy decisions, where public sector wages have consistently been shown through research, criticizing that they are too low compared to the private sector? This low salary has a series of serious consequences, which the "spirit of service" cannot compensate. This spirit of "service" is implied in the behavior, when the person "served" does not even have the slightest faith in the opponent's volunteering (think again of the coffee cup), while the "must serve" person still spinning with rice money.

And those two words are still constantly being used in directives as an effort to promote the quality of public service. That word "service", spoken from Dr. Chien, in sobbing sobs, somewhat spoke of its nature.

Vietnamese has full verbs to call jobs, being fair in their nature. Doctors "examine" and "cure". Administrative officials "do paperwork". State-owned companies "sell" electricity, water and environmental services (even the word "supply" is an inadequate euphemism). No job needs to put on the "service" cover except for the catering industry itself. Just by using the right verb for a job, we feel the need to treat them more worthy of that verb.

Anyone can have a volunteer spirit. If someone is willing to serve the people unconditionally for his or her own ideal, that is valuable. But if we believe that this society must operate primarily on that "service" rather than the laws of the market, then we are acknowledging that we have a weak country.

Lord Emperor
Chi tiết

Desperate lover

From my childhood days, like so many small townspeople, I listened to Bolero passively on cassettes and radio from neighbors.

Like all Southern children who loved reforms, classical plays, river dances, I loved the Bolero songs that at the time were called "scent music." "Smell" is the smell of introspection, makes us shed tears. The voices of Phuong Dung, Hoang Oanh, and Thanh Thuy have made a child unable to fully understand the sad story in the lyrics, not having any experience of loneliness, misery, separation, love, fate and still feeling overwhelming. indescribable melancholy.

In my childhood, I had never heard of anyone calling Bolero cheesy or golden music. The terms "cheesy music" (seems disdainful), "golden music" (again seems a little too glorified) later.

But my family and I are not passionate about Bolero. We listen to many other types of music, so Bolero's love is intact, but not unique. Bolero is one of the spiritual dishes that can be chosen, depending on the atmosphere, depending on the mood. I was taught like that.

The beginning of Bolero is of course ... Bolero. That charming Cuban music was introduced into the metropolis of South Vietnam, modified in harmony, and dressed for Vietnamese folk shirts in tunes and lyrics. In this way, Bolero Vietnam gradually separated from the original, developed as an independent Vietnamese urban music and was popular among popular people and popular masses. The reason why it is popular is not too difficult to understand: the melody is easy to sing, easy to play, the melody tells melancholy stories that are easy to receive sympathy, the performance is very "conserving tradition", does not appear to be disappointed. hybrids. The string-like atmosphere in the months of the sword of fire was eased more or less thanks to Bolero. The separation from Latin roots is so great that no one now ranks Bolero Vietnamese in Latin or Tropical music.

But as mentioned, the new Vietnamese music does not only have Bolero. There is exciting, stimulating music, intellectual music, philosophical music, religious music. Bolero is not underestimated nor unique. The uniqueness of this genre has only really happened for four years now, following the momentum of the game show. As if people had discovered Bolero for only four years now. Well, that's okay, I thought. Although it is a bit like a unrequited love: I love Bolero but Bolero is unlikely to love me.

The old singers sang Bolero genuinely. The accompaniment of the instrumentalists softly softly. Here and there, the sweeping sound of the "broom" on the drum frame, the sound of the lake bursting like a heartbeat, the sound of plaintive trumpet that was not too much, was just enough for a sense of loss. The story, often sad, is told moderately, causing positive resonance in a positive way. The listener is absorbed in melancholy but not buried by it, but even more excited. Not every Bolero song meets the technical, content, and emotional conditions just mentioned. Therefore, in the old days there were not many Bolero versions as we thought.

There may be thousands of Bolero songs printed by the publisher in the form of butterfly music, but the actual number of songs is only about fifty. Really, no more.

I spent a lot of time learning how to write a Bolero song, and to tell the truth, I couldn't write. Analyzing the performance of the "Bolero kings" such as Truc Phuong and Lam Phuong, I admire it deeply. It seems that what is most appropriate, the most right, and goes into the hearts of the top musicians that have been exploited. Therefore, even though I love, I only have one-sided love with Bolero, not being loved again.

Singers and singers must now only love Bolero unilaterally, few people are loved by the music itself. The Bolero situation, if I keep up with this momentum, I'm sure the chaos will lead to many sad consequences: academics despise, not despise bolero but the way to sing; The public listened to it all the time, all the songs were exploited and then they wanted to change something. Bolero, originally a emotionally oriented music, now into performance music, game music. This is sad.

Because we love without understanding, nor is it enough to respect Bolero. So how does Bolero love us?

After all, it's not the fault of the game show participants. The global game show craze has alienated many classical music genres, of which Bolero is only one of the victims. The game show craze has reduced the quality of the Grammy, creating a generation of amateur entertainment because we cannot call game attendees an artist. And love in particular for Bolero is not only more impure as a value to maintain, but also more messy, chatter, more colorful.

When love for an object has degraded, the probability of the object responding to love is lower. Then forever it is a unrequited love. In vain salvation.

National treasure
Chi tiết